A PDF on the topic POCA2005_Zeman
romano PDF article from “expedition” journal 1982 lots of discussion of wooden idols
A hollow-cast figurine of a crowned figure in a loose robe in naturalistic seated pose, right arm resting on the knee and left arm to the rear supporting the body, a Roman copy of the Hellenistic original depicting the goddess Tyche of Antioch by Eutychides 70 grams, 73mm (2 3/4″). Fair condition.
GREEK HELLENISTIC BUST OF DIANA
4th-2nd century BC
A bronze appliqué bust of the goddess Diana with wreath of ivy leaves and berries to the hair, peplos clasped at the shoulders with a disc brooch and hart’s foot; hollow to the reverse. Accompanied by an Art Loss Register certificate. 542 grams, 13.5cm (5 1/4″). Very fine condition.
From the collection of a North West London gentleman; acquired in the 1980s.
Diana, or Artemis to the Greeks, was the sister of Apollo and one of the most venerated deities of the Classical world with a cult centre on the island of Delos. In Turkey the ancient Mother Goddess was associated with Artemis and the temple at Ephesus became one of the Seven Wonders of the World. Despite being a virgin goddess her roles included fertility and childbirth.
B1N8PWGetQy english translation in pdf
This work is a complete English translation of the Latin Etymologies of Isidore, Bishop of Seville (c.560–636). Isidore compiled the work between c.615 and the early 630s and it takes the form of an encyclopedia, arranged by subject matter. It contains much lore of the late classical world beginning with the Seven Liberal Arts, including Rhetoric, and touches on thousands of topics ranging from the names of God, the terminology of the Law, the technologies of fabrics, ships and agriculture to the names of cities and rivers, the theatrical arts, and cooking utensils. Isidore provides etymologies for most of the terms he explains, finding in the causes of words the underlying key to their meaning. This book offers a highly readable translation of the twenty books of the Etymologies, one of the most widely known texts for a thousand years from Isidore’s time.
xi. Gods of the heathens (De diis gentium) 1. Those who the pagans assert are gods are revealed to have once been humans, and after their death they began to be worshipped among their people because of the life and merit of each of them, as Isis in Egypt, Jupiter in Crete, Iuba among the Moors, Faunus among the Latins, and Quirinus among the Romans. 2. It was the same with Minerva in Athens, Juno in Samos, Venus in Paphos, Vulcan in Lemnos, Liber in Naxos and Apollo in Delos. Poets joined in their praises of these, and by the songs they composed carried them up to the sky.3. In the case of some of them people are said to have brought about the discovery of arts through their cults: there is medicine for Aesculapius, forging for Vulcan. Further, they are named from their activities, as Mercury (Mercurius), because he excels at commerce (merx), Liber (Liber) from liberty (libertas). 4. Again, there were certain powerful men, or founders of cities, for whom, after they had died, the people who had been fond of them made likenesses, so that they might have some solace from contemplating